Topic: 14.6 Surface Passenger

A complete indexing and article service is available free from 1967 to 2000

Bus Deregulation: A Welfare Balance Sheet

A substantial reduction in operating cost per bus-kilometre through improved productivity is shown. However, substantial losses to users through higher fares and service instability emerge. Large increases in bus-kilometres operated did not produce any aggregate increase in ridership, but offset much of the reduction in unit cost. Overall, a small net benefit is shown in the metropolitan areas, but a net loss elsewhere. In contrast, London (subject to a competitive tendering system) shows no user or worker losses, and a substantial net benefit through higher productivity.

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break-even Benefit-Cost Analysis of Alternative Express transit Systems

The town of Milwaukee commissioned research into the comparative merits of its existing Freeway Flier express bus; a controlled access system giving the Flier right of way and restricting access of automobiles on congested roads; and a busway with its own right of way. The existing system is found best; the busway is a poor third. Suggestions are made for applying the method used to other areas.

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An Economic Comparison of Urban Railways and Express Bus Services

Experience in several countries leads the author to conclude that the construction of a new urban railway is seldom likely to be economic in comparison with an express bus service, which, with absolute priority but allowing other traffic to use spare capacity on the road, is found to be cheaper and more efficient. Some existing railways might be converted to roads.

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