Topic: 13.3 Shipping

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Comparisons of Volatility in the Dry Cargo Freight Market Ship Sector

This paper compares volatility estimates between time-charter and spot rates between different sizes of dry bulk vessels. Time-charters are more volatile than spot rates, and small vessels are less risky than larger ones when spot rates are used. Ship owners who are risk averse should utilise the spot market in preference to time-charters, and invest in smaller vessels.

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A Model of Liner Price Setting

An analysis of shipowners’ behaviour as members of a liner conference leads Dr. Abrahamsson to conclude that the price-setting practices of conferences result not only from rising costs and price maximisation but from monopoly power and compensatory increases for “losses” incurred by selling surplus capacity below average cost in the tramp market.

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