Urban Express Bus and Railroad Performance. Some Toronto Simulations

Urban Express Bus and Railroad Performance. Some Toronto Simulations

Simulation by a computer program showed that a proposed commuter railroad would be inferior in both time and money to express buses which could operate locally in the suburban area, travel along an expressway, and then make several stops in the central business district.

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Economies of Scale in Bus transport: I. Some British Municipal Results

This study was prompted by the proposal to merge a number of municipal transport undertakings into Passenger transport Authorities. The authors analyse figures showing various working expenses per bus-mile, and find no evidence of scale economies. They point out, however, that the P.T.A.s will be larger than any undertaking in their sample, and that a different conclusion might conceivably be reached if data were available on costs per passenger-mile. Extension of one-man operation appears to offer greater scope for economies than amalgamation.

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