The Relationship between transport and the Viability of Central and Inner Urban Areas

The Relationship between transport and the Viability of Central and Inner Urban Areas

Government policies may help inner cities, but more is needed. A computer model is used to analyse past trends and to forecast the effects of various possibilities for the city of Leeds. For instance, employment in the inner city is likely to be increased by an increase in the cost of petrol, but reduced by an increase in bus fares.

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Economies of Scale in Bus transport: I. Some British Municipal Results

This study was prompted by the proposal to merge a number of municipal transport undertakings into Passenger transport Authorities. The authors analyse figures showing various working expenses per bus-mile, and find no evidence of scale economies. They point out, however, that the P.T.A.s will be larger than any undertaking in their sample, and that a different conclusion might conceivably be reached if data were available on costs per passenger-mile. Extension of one-man operation appears to offer greater scope for economies than amalgamation.

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