The Development of Air transport

The Development of Air transport

The history of civil aviation over six decades. Airlines in every continent have attained standards of capacity, reliability and safety which seemed impossible in early days, and can look forward to a future of general and sustained profitability. The greatest challenge now facing the industry is in short-haul traffic.

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Economies of Scale in Bus transport: I. Some British Municipal Results

This study was prompted by the proposal to merge a number of municipal transport undertakings into Passenger transport Authorities. The authors analyse figures showing various working expenses per bus-mile, and find no evidence of scale economies. They point out, however, that the P.T.A.s will be larger than any undertaking in their sample, and that a different conclusion might conceivably be reached if data were available on costs per passenger-mile. Extension of one-man operation appears to offer greater scope for economies than amalgamation.

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