Optimization of traffic and Facilities

Optimization of traffic and Facilities

What are the costs to others of an extra car in the traffic queue, and how can they be Brought home to the individual? The author argues that tolls and differential charges are essential to the efficient use and development of urban transport facilities. He discusses also the husbandry of equipment and allocation of land for transportation.

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Economies of Scale in Bus transport: I. Some British Municipal Results

This study was prompted by the proposal to merge a number of municipal transport undertakings into Passenger transport Authorities. The authors analyse figures showing various working expenses per bus-mile, and find no evidence of scale economies. They point out, however, that the P.T.A.s will be larger than any undertaking in their sample, and that a different conclusion might conceivably be reached if data were available on costs per passenger-mile. Extension of one-man operation appears to offer greater scope for economies than amalgamation.

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