Joint Products and Road transport Rates in transport Models

Joint Products and Road transport Rates in transport Models

The location of economic activity is often considered on the basis of point trading models which show the cost of transport of products. The author suggests that the models are defective because they do not make specific allowance for backloading; he outlines a method to remedy this.

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Economies of Scale in Bus transport: I. Some British Municipal Results

This study was prompted by the proposal to merge a number of municipal transport undertakings into Passenger transport Authorities. The authors analyse figures showing various working expenses per bus-mile, and find no evidence of scale economies. They point out, however, that the P.T.A.s will be larger than any undertaking in their sample, and that a different conclusion might conceivably be reached if data were available on costs per passenger-mile. Extension of one-man operation appears to offer greater scope for economies than amalgamation.

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