Hereford: A Case Study of Bus Deregulation

Hereford: A Case Study of Bus Deregulation

Hereford was a trial area in which buses were deregulated before national deregulation. The author traces the effects of competition and draws some conclusions for deregulation generally. Competitive tendering, introduced by the county council, was a success and was adopted nationally in the transport Act 1985.

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Economies of Scale in Bus transport: I. Some British Municipal Results

This study was prompted by the proposal to merge a number of municipal transport undertakings into Passenger transport Authorities. The authors analyse figures showing various working expenses per bus-mile, and find no evidence of scale economies. They point out, however, that the P.T.A.s will be larger than any undertaking in their sample, and that a different conclusion might conceivably be reached if data were available on costs per passenger-mile. Extension of one-man operation appears to offer greater scope for economies than amalgamation.

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