Frequency Distribution of Pedestrians in a Rectangular Grid

Frequency Distribution of Pedestrians in a Rectangular Grid

Which streets or paths in a town or university campus will be most congested by pedestrians? The author compares and illustrates the results obtained from the principles of 'random walk' (equiprobable choice at street intersections) and 'random paths'. It is shown that they are not equivalent.

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Economies of Scale in Bus transport: I. Some British Municipal Results

This study was prompted by the proposal to merge a number of municipal transport undertakings into Passenger transport Authorities. The authors analyse figures showing various working expenses per bus-mile, and find no evidence of scale economies. They point out, however, that the P.T.A.s will be larger than any undertaking in their sample, and that a different conclusion might conceivably be reached if data were available on costs per passenger-mile. Extension of one-man operation appears to offer greater scope for economies than amalgamation.

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