Cost and Productivity of Major Urban transit Systems in Europe: An Exploratory Analysis

Cost and Productivity of Major Urban transit Systems in Europe: An Exploratory Analysis

This paper tries to evaluate the productive performance of transit systems in major European cities. It makes intermodal and intercity comparisons, and identifies economies of density, vehicle capacity and higher vehicle speed as essential factors in performance. The results suggest that streetcars do not fill a significant gap between buses and underground rail.

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