Commercial Funding of transport Infrastructure. Lessons from Some Australian Cases

Commercial Funding of transport Infrastructure. Lessons from Some Australian Cases

The study analyses the institutional arrangements for: (1) private participation in the new Sydney Harbour Tunnel, and (2) the provision of new terminals at minor airports operated by a public-sector corporation. Commercial objectives probably secure efficient management of construction, but otherwise reap few efficiency benefits. When there are tight constraints on government budgets, commercial funding mechanisms make it easier for governments to promote their favoured schemes.

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Economies of Scale in Bus transport: I. Some British Municipal Results

This study was prompted by the proposal to merge a number of municipal transport undertakings into Passenger transport Authorities. The authors analyse figures showing various working expenses per bus-mile, and find no evidence of scale economies. They point out, however, that the P.T.A.s will be larger than any undertaking in their sample, and that a different conclusion might conceivably be reached if data were available on costs per passenger-mile. Extension of one-man operation appears to offer greater scope for economies than amalgamation.

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