Air transport – A Case Study in International Regulation

Air transport – A Case Study in International Regulation

Free competition between airlines is impossible for political reasons. Dr Doganis suggests that non-scheduled traffic - freed from artificial conditions - should be included in bilateral agreements, with a limit to total capacity but no control of tariffs; and that IATA Tariff Conferences should be required to publish the economic justification for fares.

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Economies of Scale in Bus transport: I. Some British Municipal Results

This study was prompted by the proposal to merge a number of municipal transport undertakings into Passenger transport Authorities. The authors analyse figures showing various working expenses per bus-mile, and find no evidence of scale economies. They point out, however, that the P.T.A.s will be larger than any undertaking in their sample, and that a different conclusion might conceivably be reached if data were available on costs per passenger-mile. Extension of one-man operation appears to offer greater scope for economies than amalgamation.

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